Journalists in many nations have some privileges that members of the general public do not, including better access to public events, crime scenes and press conferences, and to extended interviews with public officials, celebrities and others in the public eye. Journalists who elect to cover conflicts , whether wars between nations or insurgencies within nations, often give up any expectation of protection by government, if not giving up their rights to protection from the government.
Journalists who are captured or detained during a conflict are expected to be treated as civilians and to be released to their national government. Many governments around the world target journalists for intimidation, harassment, and violence because of the nature of their work.
Journalists' interaction with sources sometimes involves confidentiality , an extension of freedom of the press giving journalists a legal protection to keep the identity of a confidential informant private even when demanded by police or prosecutors; withholding their sources can land journalists in contempt of court, or in jail. In the United States, there is no right to protect sources in a federal court. However, federal courts will refuse to force journalists to reveal their sources, unless the information the court seeks is highly relevant to the case and there's no other way to get it.
State courts provide varying degrees of such protection. Journalists who refuse to testify even when ordered to can be found in contempt of court and fined or jailed. On the journalistic side of keeping sources confidential, there is also a risk to the journalist's credibility because there can be no actual confirmation of whether the information is valid. As such it is highly discouraged for journalists to have confidential sources.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Reportage disambiguation. Investigation and reporting to a broad audience. Main article: Journalism genres. Main article: History of journalism. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. July Main article: History of French journalism. Main article: History of journalism in the United Kingdom. Main article: History of Indian journalism.
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Main article: History of American journalism. Main article: News broadcasting. Main article: Journalism ethics and standards. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main articles: Freedom of the press and Media law. Main article: Protection of sources. Citizen Journalism Fourth Estate Hallin's spheres History of American newspapers History of journalism Journalism education and Journalism school Journalism ethics and standards Journalism genres Lists of journalists Non-profit journalism Objectivity journalism Sensor journalism Sports journalism.
Retrieved 1 May Journalism Practice. Visual Communication Quarterly. Newspaper Research Journal. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 25 March Retrieved 14 October Journalism History. BBC News. Retrieved 26 May Washington Post. Retrieved 26 November Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , Berkeley: University of California Press.
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Columbia: University of Missouri Press. Dietz Nachf. Encyclopedia Americana. Retrieved 1 November Weston, "China, professional journalism, and liberal internationalism in the era of the First World War. Nation Books. A People's History of the United States.
The Media, Journalism, and Democracy 1st ed. London: Routiedge. McCombs Retrieved 23 May Fourth Estate Public Benefit Corporation. Retrieved 2 December Archived from the original on 5 June Retrieved 1 March Archived from the original on 22 June Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 23 February Archived from the original on 12 April Retrieved 24 December Archived from the original PDF on 3 October An examination of public relations and journalism codes of ethics". Public Relations Review. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode.
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Everyday Ethics For The Criminal Justice Professional by Kelly Cheeseman
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Everyday Ethics for the Criminal Justice Professional by Kelly Cheeseman
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Description Table of Contents Editor s Bio. Table of Contents Chapter 1.